Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has accepted the demands of farmers. He has repealed controversial agricultural laws that threaten their livelihoods. Due to this change in Modi’s decision, the political situation in Uttar Pradesh has not come under the control of BJP. The reaction of the farmers to Modi’s decision is not very positive. The benefits of religious divisions in Uttar Pradesh, which the BJP had earlier taken home, seem to be difficult to reap this time.
Meanwhile, after announcing the decision to repeal the agriculture law, the Kisan Morcha, which is attached to determine the future of the peasant movement, is sitting in a meeting on Sunday. The meeting will begin at 11 a.m. at the Singhu border in Delhi. Earlier in the day, leaders of various farmers ‘organizations sat at the Singhu, Tikri and Gazipur borders on Saturday to discuss their respective organizations’ proposals. After considering these proposals in the meeting on Sunday, the future course of action of the Morcha will be determined and announced.
On Saturday, the leaders of various farmers’ organizations held a private discussion, in which a number of issues prevailed. How much importance will be given to the request of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to return the farmers to their homes. Whether the government will be pressured to provide financial assistance to those killed in the peasant movement before responding to that call. Whether to adhere to the demand for legislation to fix the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for crops. Or whether these demands will be a condition for lifting the border blockade.
Morcha leader Hannan Mollah told Prothom Alo this evening that it was true that the farmers did not trust the word of mouth of the government. The lack of confidence has increased dramatically. That is why such doubts are rising. The movement has been going on collectively for so long. Whatever the personal or organizational intent, the next decision will be taken collectively. That meeting will be held on Sunday. Earlier in the day, various organizations had discussed their proposals at various border bases.
Guru Sebak Singh, a farmer from the village of Mohrania in the populous Uttar Pradesh, 500 km from the capital New Delhi, said he and others like him had lost confidence in Modi and his party, according to Reuters.
According to Sebak Singh, today Prime Minister Modi has realized his wrong promise. But it took him more than a year to realize this mistake. He now knows that the peasants will no longer vote for his party.
The issue is more personal for young farmers in Uttar Pradesh. Sebak Singh’s 19-year-old brother Gurubinder Singh was killed last October. Gurubinder was one of the eight people killed in a car bomb attack on protesting farmers.
Thousands of farmers have been protesting on the outskirts of the capital, New Delhi, for more than a year, demanding the repeal of agricultural laws. Although the BJP government enacted the law promising to modernize the agricultural sector, the farmers’ protests were putting pressure on Modi and the BJP government.
Guru Sebak Singh added, “Today I can say that my brother has been martyred. My brother is that brave, ‘among the peasants who have sacrificed. They have proved with their lives that the government has enacted this law to destroy the agricultural economy.
Meanwhile, the Congress, the main opposition party, observed Kisan Victory Day on Saturday to repeal the Agriculture Act. On this occasion, the Congress workers have held victory processions in different parts of the country.
A year and a half ago, the Center issued ordinances enacting three agricultural laws during the Covid situation. Then in September last year, in a part-time session of parliament, three laws were passed, almost without discussion, ignoring the opposition’s demands. Outraged peasants took to the streets to protest. They complained that if the law was reformed, their jobs would be at risk. In addition, the control of crops and prices will be left in the hands of private farmers. This protest of the peasants became the largest and longest lasting movement in the country.
Leaders of the six farmers’ unions that led the movement in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab say they will not forgive the government for labeling the protesting farmers as terrorists and calling them anti-national.
Sudhakar Roy, a member of the farmers’ union in Uttar Pradesh, said, “Farmers have been killed with sticks and rods. They have been detained for agitating for legal rights. A family member of a minister threw a speeding car at the farmers. How can we forget that? ‘
Sudhakar Roy claimed that more than 160 farmers had been killed during protests against the controversial law.
An unnamed member of the ruling BJP said the decision to repeal the law was taken by the prime minister after discussions with a top farmers’ organization. It was pointed out during the discussion that the BJP could not properly explain the benefits of the law to them.
The Prime Minister is expected to be accompanied by Home Minister Amit Shah and State Minister Ajay Mishra at a function in Lucknow during his visit to Uttar Pradesh. Reading the letter at a press conference in Lucknow yesterday, Priyanka said, “The main accused in the Lakhimpur Kheri incident is Ashish’s father, Minister Ajay Mishra.” Yet he is a member of your cabinet. Since the incident, the state government has been trying to stifle justice. The Supreme Court has also made negative comments on this. I have spoken to the families of the victims. If Ajay has a mixed minister, he doesn’t think they will get justice.