A new type of corona has been identified in South Africa. This new type is capable of repeatedly changing genetic makeup. Due to the type, it is feared that the new corona infection may spread in the world. Concerns have spread in different countries of the world. Restrictions and travel bans are being issued.

Why being called risky
Initially, the scientific name of this new type of corona is B.1.1.529. However, it was named ‘Omicron’ on Friday. With this name, the World Health Organization (WHO) has described the type as ‘worrying’. The agency cites repeated genetic mutations as a cause for concern and the risk of re-infection in people who have previously been diagnosed with corona.

Where was it first identified?
The species was first identified in South Africa last Tuesday. In the past two weeks, there has been an outbreak of coronavirus infection in the country’s Gauteng province due to the type. The urban area consists of Pretoria and Johannesburg in South Africa. Scientists fear that this type of genetic mutation may be able to evade the human immune system more often. It is for these two reasons that the new genre has caused a great deal of controversy among international observers. The chief medical consultant for the UK’s Department of Health and Safety described the new strain as “terrible” and “the worst strain ever found”.

Where did this type come from?
The origin of the species is not known, as it was first identified in Gauteng province in South Africa. Samples collected earlier show that this was the case in samples collected in Botswana on 11 November. Scientists say the abnormal genetic variation in the species suggests that it may have come from a person with a chronic illness with reduced immunity. Such as an untreated HIV / AIDS patient.

Why are scientists so worried?
This type of spike protein has more than 30 mutations. The number is more than double that of the highly contagious delta. Viruses basically use it to get into our cells. The dramatic change has led to concerns that antibodies or coronavirus vaccines may not be able to cope with the type of vaccine previously produced. Based on genetic mutations, scientists predict that this type will cause more infections and that those whose immune systems have been developed for other reasons may be re-infected.

Is it more contagious?
Although the extent of the infection is not clear, what is known about the type is very worrying. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated in South Africa. In South Africa, where 263 coronas were identified on November 18, the number has surpassed 1,200 earlier this week. More than 80 percent of the country’s Gauteng province. Preliminary analysis shows that this type is rapidly emerging as the dominant type. Early warning has become urgent.

Will the existing vaccine work against it?
Scientists are most concerned about new genetic modifications. The reason for their concern is that some of the newer mutations are already known to be able to bypass the immune system. Although these are the predictions of scientists from a theoretical point of view. Research is under way to test how antibodies can effectively prevent such new infections. However, with the advent of data on the rate of re-infection in the real world due to this type, there is a clear indication that there may be a change in the human immune system.

Scientists do not think that existing antibodies will be able to detect the new species at all. It may be that the coronavirus vaccines that are now available will give less protection against the new type. For this reason, it is considered important to increase the vaccination rate for the people at risk with the third dose.

Will this kind of covid be serious?
It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. Scientists are closely monitoring the situation. It may take a few weeks to get any information for sure. At the moment, however, scientists say that no strong cause has been found so far, which makes it doubtful whether the new species will be frightening or moderate.
What is the risk of infection spreading around the world?
So far most of the infected people are from South Africa. In addition, such cases have been identified in Botswana and Hong Kong. One such person was reported to have been attacked in Israel last Thursday. The man recently returned from Malawi. Two more are suspected to be infected in the country. In addition, a person was attacked in Belgium yesterday. The man recently visited Egypt and Turkey.

In addition, such infections have spread to the group level in South Africa. If the potential for such infections is high, it can be assumed that it has already spread to other countries.

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